What are the myths and truths about the flu?

What are the main differences of the flu with respect to other diseases such as the common cold? From Blogthinkbig.com we want to address what myths and truths surrounding this contagious disease.

The arrival of cold and temperature changes indicates one thing: the appearance of respiratory diseases. This happens when winter comes and the cold causes a reduction in the capacity of our immune system and our defenses, which place the dreaded flu.

However, from Blogthinkbig.com we want to address what are the main differences of the flu with respect to other diseases such as the common cold and, above all, what are the myths and truths surrounding this contagious disease.

You have a common cold and no flu

First, the flu is a respiratory viral infection caused by the ‘Influenza’ virus that directly affects our throat, nose and lungs. It is a mild disease whose main difference with the common cold is that the symptoms appear in a short time and cause severe headaches and fever. Although it is a mild disease, it can be harmful to certain age groups such as the elderly, babies and people with other chronic diseases.

The incubation period of the flu is 18 to 36 hours, while the cold is 48 to 72 hours and the symptoms are usually high fever, muscle and headache, fatigue, cough, chills and there may even be episodes of vomiting and diarrhea The cold, meanwhile, presents symptoms such as nasal congestion and discharge, sore throat, sneezing and rough cough.

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The flu can be a serious illness

There are certain myths or widespread beliefs that continue to be repeated in our society. Which are? One of the widespread false myths is that the flu is not entirely serious and it is not necessary to get vaccinated. This statement is false since, according to the data, the flu can be fatal to 650,000 people a year globally.

On the other hand, many people argue that it is better to get sick than to get vaccinated but, as we have said, it is serious for the elderly, pregnant and in early childhood. Therefore it is better to get vaccinated to have adequate protection.

Many times we usually hear that going out without shelter or drinking very cold drinks in winter can cause us flu, but it is totally false. The flu coincides with winter and that is why this myth is associated but the cold does not affect our defenses, but the virus that is the one that causes the disease. In addition it may seem that these types of diseases occur in the winter months, but you can also have a flu episode in another season of the year.

Antibiotics do not cure the disease

When administering a treatment for influenza many people go to antibiotics but it is false that they cure the disease. Antibiotics are prescribed to treat diseases caused by a bacterium, not by a virus. Using these medicines when they are not necessary and will not cure you can cause adverse reactions in your body and generate the famous resistance of bacteria.

On the other hand, we can take certain foods to prevent the flu but these are not 100 percent effective as many people argue. Vaccination is the best option to prevent disease. A classic myth is that Vitamin C is key to preventing disease by its properties, but there are clinical trials that support this theory.

Finally, another belief is that the flu vaccine is not suitable for pregnant or breastfeeding women. There are no contraindications to receive this vaccine in this case, it is also very important for the protection of women and babies.

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