Robots, a technology that can compete with humans

It sounds like a science fiction movie when we talk about what robots can be capable of. The documentary Ideas that revolutionized the world, available at Movistar +, details how these mechanisms have developed to become an essential element in our lives.

Throughout our history we have considered ourselves as a unique species that has been able to transform the world we live in, but there is an artificial species that can live up to us: robots.

Many of our readers will think that the idea of ​​creating mechanical beings is something related to the present, but they are wrong. What was an idea thousands of years ago has become one of the most revolutionary technologies in history.

It all started in Greece

The history of robots begins thousands of years ago in Ancient Greece, where the poet Homer wrote the legend of the god of fire, Hephaestus.

The story tells that the Greek god was expelled from Mount Olympus and, consequently, forged two mechanical servants. This legend was the first time he mentions machines with human appearance.

Eight centuries later, the Greek engineer Herón de Alejandría decided to turn that dream into reality, and began designing machines that could appear on stage and perform simple tasks such as serving wine.

In the ninth century A.D., the Banu Musa brothers built a machine that was a great step towards robotics. They designed an automaton machine capable of creating a melody and recording it for later playback. It became the first programmable machine in history.

Automaton or robot?

People have always been surprised to see a machine imitating actions that a human being would do. And the highest point that was achieved in robotics was creating the writer.

The writer is an automaton composed of more than 6,000 moving pieces, capable of writing texts of more than forty characters. The text was programmed using metal sheets that had to be installed in the robot mechanism.

But automata are not the same as robots. An automaton cannot learn or change its behavior. Robots must be machines that are capable of thinking.

Where does the word robot come from?

Years ago, people did not know the meaning of the word robot, but this changed in 1920 thanks to the cubist painter Josef Capek.

His playwright brother, Karel Capek, explained the plot of his new play. A story in which a race of mechanical men revealed themselves against their human owners. The problem is that he did not know what to call these artificial beings, and the cubist painter proposed the name of a robot.

The word robot was taken from the word robota which means servitude in Czech.

The first robot capable of solving mathematical problems

The concept of robot is already familiar in popular culture in the 1930s, but could they understand the world around them? That seemed impossible until Alan Turing appeared in 1935.

Alan Turing imagined a machine that carried a program in his memory, a device that was capable of solving any problem within the limits of mathematics. He succeeded and ended up knowing as a universal Turing machine.

Not only did it solve a mathematical problem. He had invented a computer language that could solve any kind of problems.

The current robotics

During the last decades, and thanks to digitalization, robotics has been growing exponentially. Currently, we have robots that are part of our home, and that helps us to perform everyday tasks.

We also know the case of cyborgs, which are those people who have a robotic part in their body.

Is it possible to see robots with an identical human appearance? Will robots be able to exercise rights like humans in the future? Over the years, we will find answers to these questions.

Would you like to know more about the world of robots? In Movistar + you can see the documentary Ideas that revolutionized the world where the robot along with other inventions such as the car or smartphone have marked a before and after in our history.

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