Is it possible to get rid of coal dependence? The case of Germany

Germany will invest 40,000 million euros in compensation to get rid of coal dependence within 18 years.

The German government has approved a plan to minimize the use of energy that generates more emissions. By 2038 he hopes to get rid of the dependence on coal as an energy resource. It will not be easy or cheap. It will invest 40,000 million euros in promoting the closure of most of the country’s thermal power plants in the next 18 years.

The decision is not trivial. Neither is the process. And it is that Germany is not an ordinary country as far as the coal industry is concerned. Others have already announced plans to close their thermal power plants at a relatively close date. This is the case in France, which advanced the closure of these plants, now scheduled for 2021. But the energy mix between the two states has nothing to do with it.

While France gets a good part of its energy from nuclear power plants, Germany decided to reduce this type of energy after the Fukushima disaster. On the other hand, being a large producer of coal, the Bavarian country has always had a large assortment of thermal power plants.

Now Germany has focused on renewables as an option for the future. But he will have to do even more if he wants to get rid of the dependence on coal. Although it is true that the country already has 250,000 workers in the renewable energy sector. They are more than those currently working in the coal industry.


Four states in Germany will receive the financing from the central government to close the thermal power plants. In these regions most of the country’s production is concentrated.

The long road to the end of coal dependence
A large part of the money will be devoted to the creation of infrastructure projects in these regions. In addition, all this work will try to offer new jobs. It is about giving a new opportunity to employees of thermal power plants and mines.

The mines and plants will receive compensation for the loss of production. 2,600 million will be offered for each closed thermal plant in the western part of the country. In the eastern part, each closing will be quoted at 1,750 million euros.

Germany is a large consumer of brown coal. This is a lighter type of coal, not so polluting. The material, mineral coal formed by compression of the peat, accounts for 22.5% of the energy consumed by the country. On the other hand, renewables represent 34.9% of the energy mix.

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