Hubble finds an object that shouldn’t exist

Hubble finds an object that shouldn’t exist

The Hubble telescope has discovered a celestial body that has not been swallowed by a black hole, despite being extremely close to it. The object is an accretion disk formed by gas and dust.

The NGC 3147 galaxy is 130 million light years away from Earth, and is home to a supermassive black hole.

According to what we know about black holes, no celestial body can stay close to them, since due to their nature they absorb what is around them. However, Hubble has discovered that a disk of materials spinning at full speed is where it shouldn’t be, right next to the supermassive black hole, according to the Hubble publication.

This discovery will test Einstein’s theories of relativity in a paper published in the Royal Astronomical Society.

In the particular case of the galaxy NGC 3147, the central black holes are malnourished because they do not reach enough material to feed, so it is so strange that the disk of materials has not been absorbed.

An accretion disk or accretion disk is a disk-shaped structure, composed of gas and dust revolving around a massive central object. This disk is only formed when large amounts of gas and dust are trapped by the strong gravitational attraction of a black hole.

In its fall into the hole, matter emits a lot of light, and it can produce a bright galactic beacon which we call quasar. But if there is less material, the disc becomes weak, begins to break and completely changes its structure.

The disk that was located is a miniature quasar *, so integrated into the gravitational field of the black hole that its light is modified. Without Hubble we would not have been able to see this, because the region closest to the black hole has a very low ** brightness.

Now we hope to use Hubble to search for other very compact discs around black holes of low luminosity in active galaxies.

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