Can climate change affect history?

The documentary How the climate changed history, available at Movistar +, explains how climate changes have affected the evolution of human beings and civilizations.

14,000 million years ago there was what we call the Big Bang, and with it the creation of the Universe, the galaxies and the planets that inhabit these systems.

But among all there is a small planet, our planet to be exact, that has an atmosphere that makes life possible. Throughout that time the seasons and the meteorological phenomena were created. But the weather has been, and is, prone to change and can produce changes in our lives.

A current concept in the past

Many will think that climate change is a current concept, but in reality it is not. It has been present since the appearance of the first hominids, when the temperature variations were extreme and only those that were able to resist these strong changes survived.

What can remind us of this? Darwin’s theory of evolution where he explained that living beings are evolving to adapt to the environment while those who do not evolve are doomed to die out.

An example of climate change, which happened long before we appeared, was more than 60,000 years ago when glaciers expanded. The average temperature at that time was five degrees less than the current average temperature. Not only were there effects on the drop in temperatures, but there was also a large drop in sea level, one hundred meters less than the current sea level to be exact.

But this was not for a long time until another climate change occurred, but this time caused by the Sun and the Earth’s movement around this star.

Climate change that ended an empire

The decline of many ancient civilizations can be linked to extreme weather events, and all of this can lead to instability at an economic and political level. An example was the fall of the Roman Empire, which managed to expand throughout the European continent achieving economic stability and trade thanks to the hot and humid climates that the continent had.

In the third century AD the weather changed and there were great droughts, sudden temperature changes and heavy rains that caused flooding. The weather became colder and drier and that caused problems in food production and that led to the Roman empire losing economic gains and weakening the empire.

As the years progressed, winters became harder in northern Europe, so that the inhabitants of the north, known as barbarians, managed to emigrate to the south of the continent where the weather conditions were better. These migrations marked the end of an empire that had managed to be the most advanced civilization of the moment.

What happens with the current climate change?

The current climate change is the work of man, it is not due to natural causes as could happen in previous cases. Pollution, exploitation of resources and waste of energy is a serious problem for our planet, which is already experiencing the first effects such as the melting of polar ice caps, sea level rise, or desertification in humid areas of the planet .

It can also produce economic and social unrest that can trigger internal turmoil in all countries because of warmer weather, more air pollution, water scarcity, and loss of biodiversity.

We still have time to stop this radical change with initiatives proposed by large organizations, and only we can make it possible and have a beneficial future for all.

If you want to know how the weather is capable of changing the course of history on our planet you can see the two chapters of How the weather changed history. Available in Movistar +.

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